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Pinyon Pine   arrow

Pinus edulis

Pinyon Pine
Scientific NamePinus edulis
Common NamePinyon Pine
FamilyPinaceae
HabitConifer, evergreen tree
Growth FormPinyon Pine tree characteristic is rounded or vase shaped. It reproduces from seed. Bark is fairly thin and ridged; light gray or red-brown, fissured. Needles in groups of 2; 1″-2″ long; fairly stiff; yellow-green; evergreen, remain on tree 3-9 years. Twigs fairly stout; orange to brown colored. Buds small, oval, brown.
Mature SizeHeight: 10′-30′ Width: 20′-25′
FlowersFlowers are Inconspicuous. Fruit a woody cone with very short or no stalk; 1″ to 2 1/2″ long; oval to round; reddish-brown; scales few and ot tipped with a prickle; seeds wingless and large, about 1/2″ long, thin -shelled, edible.
HardinessZones 4-8
Sun RequirementsFull Sun to partial shade
Water RequirementsMoist to dry soils
Soil RequirementsDry and rocky soils. Loam, clay, sandy soil. Highly acidic to highly alkaline pH.
Other InfoNative to North America. The seeds (“pine nuts”) are harvested in autumn (generally September through October). Usually grows on the higher elevation sites in the pinyon-juniper woodlands it occupies. Attracts birds and squirrels.
Additional PhotosPinyon Pine